When to use the “TM” trademark symbol and when to use the ® trademark symbol?

WHEN to use the “TM” trademark symbol and when to use the ® trademark symbol?

In Australia, the “TM” trademark symbol is an indication to the world that you consider what you’re using it on the be a trademark. However, that does not legally make it so. An ® trademark symbol, on the other hand, can only be used on an officially registered trademark and it is an offence to use it on something that’s not registered. If you have a trademark application on foot, you would have to wait until it is officially registered and the certificate is issued (which occurs post the acceptance phase) before you can use the ® symbol.

WHERE to use the “TM” trademark symbol and when to use the ® trademark symbol?

As shown in the video, technically speaking, the “TM” or the ® should be used directly after or next to the trademark or logo it is referring to or protects. This would be as follows:

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